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Welcome to the Comfort Line!

This site is dedicated to the   mid-range Theory of Holistic Comfort by Katharine Kolcaba 

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Comfort is more than the absence of pain.

Thank you for your visit!


Thank you for visiting! On this site you will find many resources that explain the Comfort Theory (CT), define the concepts, offer downloadable articles, and demonstrate how the theory can be used in practice. There is also a section for Frequently Asked Questions and descriptions of how CT evolved. Please use the links at the top of the main page for a variety of navigation options.

Where is Dr. Kolcaba now?

Currently she is retired as Associate Professor, Emeritus from University of Akron. She and her husband reside in Northeast Ohio where they enjoy being near their children and grandchildren. Hobbies include gardening, walking, reading, traveling, and volunteering. She founded and coordinated a parish nurse program in an underserved, inner city neighborhood. She and her husband adopted a sweet mini-Schnauzer during the COVID pandemic and love taking her to various parks near and far. Jenny brings them comfort every day.

For several years Dr. Kolcaba has been working with Dr. April Bice-Braswell, a PhD prepared pediatric nurse practitioner, Associate Professor, and promoter of Comfort Theory. Dr. Kolcaba is presently enjoying a lengthy retirement with her husband. Dr. Bice-Braswell has taken over many more responsibilities regarding the utilization and dissemination of CT. Her background and interests are now included on TheComfortLine and she should be the primary contact for questions and invitations (e-mails below).  

The evolution of a Collegial Relationship

You might be wondering how Dr. Braswell got so involved with Comfort Theory? In 2013, she contacted Dr. Kolcaba as a PhD candidate and a Pediatric Nurse Practitioner enrolled at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Dr. Bice-Braswell wanted to use Comfort Theory for her Dissertation study with children experiencing invasive procedures. So a meeting was arranged to discuss the possible ways to apply Comfort Theory and/or build more evidence to support the theory. Dr. Bice-Braswell decided on a qualitative comfort study which she later published. She then developed a pediatric holistic comfort storybook instrument for young children and has published a feasibility study on that as well. She is now in the midst of a psychometric study to examine validity and reliability of her storybook comfort measure.

Dr. Kolcaba and Dr. Bice-Braswell have been working together ever since that first meeting, as she has been prolific in her program of research. Most of her work focuses on the enhancement of comfort in children and adolescents, especially after invasive procedures. Dr. Bice-Braswell is now an Associate Professor at the University of North Carolina Wilmington and has received several awards for her work. In addition to helping Dr. Kolcaba navigate Facebook, she also helps with designing and revising the website <>. She has collaborated with Dr. Kolcaba on national and international presentations and serves as a support and consultant to students and scientists interested in Comfort Theory all over the world. Dr. Kolcaba and Dr. Bice-Braswell have been truly blessed by their mentoring relationship over the years.


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Comfort is holistic.

This is an Open Access Site


           Dr. Kolcaba and Dr. Bice-Braswell are very happy to discuss nuances of Comfort Theory with you via e-mail or even a phone conference. However, most of your questions are already answered in the FAQ and personal sections on both sites. So please read those thoroughly first before writing to us. The web site has been  designed to be "open access" meaning you do NOT need permission to use anything on the site, including the instruments, diagrams, articles, pictures, or videotapes. You can copy this blanket statement of permission if requested.

            Dr. Kolcaba and Dr. Bice-Braswell are most interested in the work you are doing to advance Comfort Theory, and would be delighted to post your resulting articles on this site. Please make sure to cite previous works correctly in anything that you present or publish. For problems with this website, like a broken link, please contact our web master, Dr. April Braswell, (email at very bottom of page).  Please give requests for a "fix" by describing the topic and paragraph that needs attention. Thank you!

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To get started, if you're not familiar with Comfort Theory, click here to view "Comfort Theory 101".

Taxonomic Structure
for Comfort Theory


Comfort Theory and Practice (2003)

A compilation of work about the outcome of patient comfort. It presents, in one easy-to use text, the various segments of work about comfort... in a personal, user-friendly, and confidence-building format for health care team members. Order in English from Amazon. Also available in German and Japanese.

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